Elliott Wave Theory

Trending 2 weeks ago

What is Elliott Wave Theory?

In nan 1930s, Ralph Nelson Elliott observed that banal markets move successful repetitive activity patterns, which led him to create nan Elliott activity theory. He recovered that location are a full of 8 waves that show a 5-3 activity pattern, pinch 5 waves moving pinch nan inclination and 3 moving other to nan trend. He concluded that these waves consequence from nan psychological behaviour of traders and investors.

Elliott Wave Theory

These waves are useful for analyzing and forecasting marketplace movement. Thus, financial analysts, portfolio managers, and traders tin get an penetration into nan existent marketplace inclination by identifying these activity patterns. It is besides adjuvant to analyse and forecast value and marketplace movements to make informed trading decisions.

Table of Contents
  • What is Elliott Wave Theory?
    • Types
    • Rules
    • Fibonacci Ratios
    • How to usage it?
    • Example

Key Highlights

  • Elliott activity mentation claims that banal markets move successful timely, rhythmic, and repetitive patterns done waves.
  • There are 2 types of waves: Motive and Corrective Wave.
  • Motive waves person 5 sub-waves (Wave 1,2,3,4,5), and Corrective waves person 3 sub-waves (Wave A, B & C).
  • The Fibonacci ratio is useful to place nan marketplace entry, exit, correction, aliases hold points successful Elliott waves.
  • This mentation helps traders place banal marketplace patterns, foretell moves, and make informed decisions while managing risks and mounting entry/exit points.

Types of Elliott Waves

There are 2 types of waves: Motive and Corrective. Let’s understand Eliott waves successful detail.

1. Motive Waves (With-Trend)

Motive waves are nan main waves that move successful nan guidance of nan trend. They dwell of 5 waves: Wave 1, Wave 2, Wave 3, Wave 4, and Wave 5.

Structure of motive waves:

  • Wave 1, 3, and 5 are successful nan guidance of nan inclination (going successful an upward direction).
  • Wave 2 and 4 move against nan inclination (going successful a downward direction).

There are 3 subtypes of motive waves:

Types of Motive Waves

  • Impulse Waves: Impulse waves move pinch nan wide guidance of nan wide marketplace trend. They comprise each 3 motive waves (1, 3, & 5).
  • Diagonal: When nan prices move significantly, i.e., if nan retrace waves (Wave 2 & 4) are adjacent to nan impulse waves (Wave 1, 3, and 5), it forms a diagonal pattern.
  • Extension waves: If nan impulse waves (Wave 3 aliases Wave 5) widen and move further, it is known arsenic hold waves.

2. Corrective Waves (Counter-Trend)

Corrective waves move against nan guidance of nan main trend. It usually shows impermanent pauses aliases corrections wrong a larger trend.

Structure of corrective waves:

  • Wave A: This is nan first wave, showing a counter-trend move.
  • Wave B: A corrective activity that retraces portion of Wave A.
  • Wave C: This activity moves toward nan larger trends.

Corrective waves person 3 types:

Types of Corrective Waves

  • Triangle: A triangle activity shape shows sideways movement. It occurs erstwhile prices constrictive into a range. This activity consists of 5 waves: A, B, C, D, and E.
  • Zigzag: A Zigzag activity shape is either formed by downward activity (A-B-C) aliases upward inclination (3-5-3). It serves arsenic a counter-trend move.
  • Flat: A level shape forms erstwhile waves move sideways successful A B C format.

General Rules and Guidelines

Elliott Wave Theory - General Rules and Guidelines

Below are immoderate of nan wide rules and guidelines of waves.

  • Waves 1, 3, and 5 move successful nan guidance of nan marketplace inclination (Bullish aliases Bearish).
  • Waves 2 and 4 move successful other directions to nan trend.
  • The ending constituent of activity 2 should beryllium higher than nan starting constituent of activity 1.
  • In Waves 1, 3, and 5, activity 3 is ne'er nan shortest.
  • The extremity value of Wave 4 should ever beryllium higher than nan ending value of Wave 1.

These rules thief traders and analysts place and construe Elliott Wave Theory’s waves to foretell imaginable value movements.

Fibonacci Ratios

The Fibonacci series is simply a bid of numbers wherever each number is nan sum of nan 2 preceding ones, like:

0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144.

The Fibonacci ratio is simply a measurement to fig retired really overmuch a activity successful nan Elliott Wave shape will move. It helps america foretell marketplace corrections and imaginable profits successful trading.

It besides shows nan relationship betwixt different waves successful nan Elliott activity pattern. The astir communal Fibonacci ratios for Elliott waves are 0.618, 1.000, 1.618, and 0.382.

Here’s really you tin use Fibonacci ratios successful Elliott Wave Theory:

  • 0.618:

Traders tin usage this ratio to fig retired really overmuch nan value mightiness spell down aliases up compared to its past price. They do this for waves that retrace, for illustration Wave 2 and Wave 4. These retracing waves usually move backmost a spot from nan erstwhile beardown wave, for illustration Wave 1 aliases Wave 3. So, to find retired really overmuch they mightiness move, you tin multiply nan impulse activity (Wave 1 aliases Wave 3) by 0.618 to get nan retracement level for nan retracing activity (Wave 2 aliases Wave 4).

Elliott Wave Theory Fibonacci Ratios 0.618

  • 0.382:

This is different ratio to find nan retracement level. Similar to 0.618, multiply this pinch nan impulse activity value. However, it is not strictly a Fibonacci ratio but is still communal among traders.

Fibonacci Ratios 0.382

  • 1.618:

This is 1 of nan astir important hold levels. As we know, activity 3 is often nan longest and strongest of nan impulse waves. So, traders usage nan 1.618 ratio to find nan magnitude of activity 3. They simply multiply nan ratio (1.618) to nan activity 1.

Fibonacci Ratios 1.618

  • 1.000:

This represents a afloat retracement, meaning that nan corrective activity goes backmost 100% compared to nan erstwhile wave’s value. We tin spot successful nan image beneath that activity A retraces 1.000, nan aforesaid arsenic activity 5. Therefore, location was a afloat retracement. However, a afloat retracement is little common.

Fibonacci Ratios 1.000

Therefore, traders and analysts use Fibonacci Ratios to various waves to estimate imaginable value entry, exit, reversal points, corrections, aliases hold points.

How to Use Elliott Wave Theory?

Trading utilizing nan Elliott Wave Theory involves identifying repeating activity patterns to analyse value charts. Here’s a basal line which you tin follow:

Step #1: Learn nan basal principles of Elliott Wave Theory’s regulations, including motive and corrective waves.

Step #2: Determine whether nan marketplace inclination shows a bull aliases a carnivore phase.

Step #3: Identify motive waves (1-2-3-4-5) and corrective (A-B-C) waves and explanation them.

Step #4: Apply Fibonacci ratios to measurement imaginable reversal aliases hold levels of waves.

Step #5: Use further method indicators to analyse and understand nan wave.

Step #6: Practice regularly to admit activity patterns and scheme waste and acquisition accordingly.


Let’s opportunity you are analyzing nan banal value activity of an imaginary company, Tech_Max, utilizing nan Elliott Wave Theory. You announcement that nan stock’s value reached $50 from $10 pinch upward and downward trends complete nan people of a year.

Now, let’s understand and construe really these changes hap done waves.

Elliott Wave Theory Example

  1. Wave 1 (Impulsive Wave): The banal value of Tech_Max institution starts from $10 successful January 2022 and reaches $18 successful February 2022. It represents nan first impulse wave, which shows an upward trend.
  2. Wave 2 (Corrective Wave): A pullback occurs from activity 1, meaning a impermanent dip successful nan banal price. This Wave 2 retraces from Wave 1 and reaches $15 successful March.
  3. Wave 3 (Strong Impulsive Wave): The banal value goes from $15 to $45 successful July. It whitethorn beryllium owed to a alteration successful marketplace trends and accrued merchandise demand. It is nan longest and strongest upward wave.
  4. Wave 4 (Corrective Wave): There is simply a flimsy dip again. Wave 4 retraces from activity 3, reaching $45 to $30 successful August.
  5. Wave 5 (Final Impulsive Wave): The banal rises from $30 to $50 successful December. Wave 5 marks nan upward inclination and is not arsenic beardown arsenic activity 3.

After activity 5, nan banal value whitethorn vary, showing corrective aliases impulse waves again.

Note: Analyzing and predicting real-world banal marketplace activity tin beryllium complex.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What are nan pros and cons of nan Elliott Wave Theory?
Answer: Here are immoderate of nan pros and cons of nan Elliott activity theory:


  • It provides a model for knowing marketplace patterns and trends.
  • It helps to place these patterns and foretell imaginable marketplace movements.
  • Traders summation insights into introduction and exit points for trading to group up stop-loss and return profit levels.
  • It helps successful risk management and decision-making.


  • It is simply a subjective concept, and identifying and labeling waves whitethorn beryllium difficult.
  • It tin lead to incorrect interpretation, prediction, and study of waves and origin nonaccomplishment for nan traders.
  • The mentation relies connected humanities value information and patterns, which mightiness not accurately foretell early marketplace behavior.

Q2. How to study Elliott Wave theory?
Answer: This broad article should thief you wholly understand nan Elliott activity theory. However, for much information, you tin study from recognized books, for illustration “Elliott Wave Principle” by Robert Prechter. You tin moreover cheque our Financial Analyst Course to get insights into finance banking, trading and investing.

Recommended Articles

This article provides a broad guideline to Elliott activity theory. You will study its types, rules, and guidelines, really to usage it, its narration pinch nan Fibonacci ratio, and examples. For much method study content, you tin mention to nan pursuing articles,

  1. Commodity Trading
  2. Trading successful Forex
  3. Trading connected Equity
  4. Fundamental Analysis vs. Technical Analysis
Source Software